April, 25 2020

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses known for containing strains that cause potentially deadly diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, they are typically spread via airborne droplets of fluid produced by infected individuals. Some rare but notable strains, including SARS-CoV-2 (responsible for COVID-19), and those responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), which can cause death in humans.

The World Health Organization (WHO) in her Situation Report 22 of 11th February 2020, officially named the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) as COVID-19.  COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) was first identified in the Chinese city of Wuhan, Hubei Province, with the first case reported on 1st December of 2019.

The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person that is between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet), through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. These droplets can land in the mouths or nostrils of nearby persons and can easily make their ways to the lungs. The generic symptoms come in the form of initial flu-like symptoms, such as fever, coughing, breathing difficulties, fatigue, and myalgia, and have an incubation period of one to fourteen days for the full manifestation of clinical symptoms.

There is currently no vaccine to prevent the COVID- 19 disease. However, maintenance of general hygiene has proved to be a reliable control for the management of the diseases. The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus. Other steps that can be taken to protect oneself is to clean one’s hands often and to avoid close contact with people that are sick. .........................Download the attached file below for the complete position paper


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